Alfred A. Benitz Page last modified:

Alfred Benitz - Pioneer, Sportsman and Gentleman

Web Chapters Years Ages Events Places
Page 1 1-5 1845-1874 0-15 Preface & notes.
Family history & youth.
Ft. Ross & Oakland, California, USA
Page 2 6-10 1875-1876 16-17 Emigration & settling into Argentina, father dies. Panama, New York, Southampton, Buenos Aires, Rosario, Estancia “La California”
Page 3 11-13 1876-1880 17-21 The family business, Charlie & Uncle Frank die, Willie marries. Ea. “La California”, Santa Fé, Argentina
Page 4 14-16 1881-1897 22-38 Hunts, expansion north, Indian chases, Frank & Herman die. Calchaquí, Saladillo & Toba rivers, Laguna Yacaré, Ea. “Los Palmares”
Page 5 17-20 1898-1937 39-78 More growth, Travels, & Marriage. Europe, USA, Africa, Yukon, Ea. “Las Tres Lagunas”, “El Rincon”, Patagonia, Chile
Page 6 Appendix Bibliography, Glossary, & Illustrations


 Web Page 6:   Appendix 
Glossary of Spanish Terms 
Appendix of Illustrations
AABz1859_Bio_Ph01_wPerico.jpg (30949 bytes)

Don Alfredo
and his inseparable “Perico”

(circa 1935 - Photograph taken by George R. Daly)















[ Also see the Benitz website: Glossary of Spanglish Terms ]

Spanish term English explanation
Aguaciles dragonflies.
Aguada pool of drinking water; a well. [watering hole]
Aguaras species of South American wolf.
Alaridos Indian yells.
Alazán sorrel horse.
Alazán overo sorrel piebald.
Algarrobo species of South American [spiny] tree.
Arnera Brazilian tree with poisonous bark.
Arreo harness.
Arroyo stream or brook.
Asado meat roasted on iron grill over open fire [grilled, BBQ].
Atropellar wild rush. [bowl-over]
Bagual wild horse.
Balsa ferry.
Bota boot.
Boyero species of South American blackbird. [also: night-horse]
Bronco untamed colt.
Calchaquis tribe of Chaco Indians.
Camalotes floating islands of trees, weeds or reeds.
Camión truck or lorry.
Cañada gully.
Capataz foreman.
Carguero pack-mule or pack-horse
Carne meat.
Carne con cuero meat roasted [grilled, BBQ] with hide.
Carnear to butcher.
Carpinchos species of South American wild hog [a.k.a.: capybara, the largest rodent in the world - no pig, see Spanglish].
Chajá species of South American wild turkey [Southern Screamer - no turkey, see Spanglish].
Chaparral underbrush or scrub.
Charcos puddle or small pool.
Charrúas tribe of Uruguayan Indians.
Chiriguanos tribe of Uruguayan Indians.
Chiqueta a burrow.
Chivero a goat pen.
Choretes tribe of Chaco Indians.
Ciervo species of South American stag [deer, see Spanglish].
Colorado red roan (usually referring to a horse).
Comisaria police station.
Comisario chief of police.
Corral horse or cattle enclosure. [cattle-yards]
Delgado thin or slender.
Diaquitas tribe of Indians from northeastern Argentina.
Domar to tame, or “break,” speaking of horses.
Domador one who tames or “breaks”.
Entre pelado type of piebald horse.
Espartillar field of Esparto grass.
Esparto species of rough grass or weed.
Espín a thorny bush.
Estancia a ranch or farm.
Estero swamp or marsh.
Fiambre cold meats.
Gainza species of South American crane.
Gama doe.
Garrapatas a kind of leech [cattle tick - no leech].
Guasó Jew-fish [also: thug].
Guasuncho wild deer.
Isleta islet.
Jabalí South American wild boar.
Juntar To gather or collect.
Laguna Lake. [lagoon]
Lino Linseed.
Maíz Indian corn. [corn, maize]
Malón Indian raid.
Mañada [manada] Troop [herd] of horses [typically the herd of brood mares]. [See Spanglish]
Masoar To groom or rub down.
Matacas Tribe of Chaco Indians.
Mate Paraguayan herb or tea.
Mazorca Maize stalk.
Monte Wood or spinney.
Monte bajo Wood of low trees.
Mulita Armadillo [type of, small hairless]. [vs. the giant Tatu Carreta - the shell alone of the specimen in Uncle Alfred’s collection measured approx. a meter long, today in the Las Rosas museum.]
Ñanduty Paraguayan town famed for its lace.
Ñandú Ostrich [South American rhea - no ostrich].
Ovalero Species of South American bird. [not found in a modern bird book of Argentina]
Overo porcelana Type of light piebald horse.
Pajonales Thickets of Pampas grass.
Palmar Palm grove.
Palenque Hitching post [rail].
Pampas South American plains.
Pampero South [SW] gale from the Pampas.
Paso Path or track. Trail. [also: pace, and mountain pass].
Patio Courtyard.
Peste Epidemic or disease.
Picana [Cattle] Prod with long handle.
Pingo A fine horse.
Pisadero Treading pen for making mud bricks.
Poblar To colonise.
Puestos Shepherds' houses [estancia section or line houses].
Pulperia Camp inn or store. [See Spanglish]
Quebracho Species of South American hard wood [iron-wood].
Quebrachales Quebracho forest.
Ramada Horse shelter. [?, shed roofed with branches]
Rastrillo Harrow.
Recado South American saddle.
Recorrer Retrace [to ride through the estancia fields checking the condition of the fields and the cattle in them].
Redomón Half-tamed horse.
Revisar To revise [to review, same as Recorrer above; see Spanglish].
Rinconada Corner [inside corner, in geographical terms].
Rodar To fall.
Rosada Pinkish roan or shade of pink.
Rodeo Round up [or a herd, or all cattle in total on an estancia].
Sanjón Large drain [ditch].
Seca Drought.
Tacurusal High ant-hill belonging to species of huge South American ant.
Tajamar Groin or cutwater near pier [a lagoon created by a berm of earth across a creek (arroyo), for watering cattle or irrigation - no piers on an estancia].
Tambo Dairy.
Tarde Late. afternoon.
Tobas Tribe of Chaco Indians who paint their faces.
Toldos Indian [shelter] wigwams.
Tordillo Grey horse.
Trigo Wheat.
Tropilla Troop [herd] of horses or cattle. [See Spanglish]
Tucurusal Bamboo thicket.
Tulipanes Tulips.
Tuviano [tobiano] Type of piebald horse.
Tuyuyu Species of South American stork.
Urraca Magpie. [name often misapplied to the “Pirincho”, a cuckoo common to the pampas]
Vibora Snake.
Yacaré Alligator.
Yaguaron Crocodile.
Yerba Herb. [usually mate]



[ All the illustrations have been moved to the appropriate chapter. ]

Figure Title Chapter
1 Movements of the Benitz family 1832-1874 (map) 1
2 Wm. Benitz certificate "Society of California Pioneers" 1
3 Society of California Pioneers - card 1
4 Old Fort Ross, as seen from the Hill 2
5 Fort Ross, California (Chapel) 2
6 Russian Bastion at Fort Ross 2
7 Well’s Fargo Express, 1850 2
8 The Kolmer Ranch, Sonoma 2
9 Newspaper cutting from the “The Call” of December 22nd, 1873 (performance of “William Tell”) 4
10 The family estancia house (La California) 13
11 A camp scene (La California) 13
12 Camp Monte Aguara 14
13 Interrupted Siesta - Monte Aguaro 14
14 Calchaqui - La Vuelta - Saturday Evening 14
15 Camp at Isleta de los Mosquitos - Sundown 14
16 Passing Arroyo de Las Conchas 14
17 Pleasure? Tabanos, Moscas Bravas, Mosquitos… 14
18 9th Mounted Infantry on their way to hunt Indians 16
19 Plan of Indian encampment during Indian hunt 16
20 Part of “El Bermejo”estancia 19
21 A typical “vivienda” 19
22 Branding cattle 19
23 A close of the branding 19
24 Don Alfredo with one of his faithful henchmen 20
25 Don Alfredo and his Percherons 19
26 Mells Manor House and Church, Somerset 19
-- Family Tree (up to 1935) 4
-- [ Route of Alfred’s first herd, April 1884 (Map) ] 15


© Peter Benitz (Benitz Family)